From the Otsego Herald
for Saturday, Sept. 5, 1812
Compiled, with comments
by HUGH C. MacDOUGALL
Weather: Utica 1812 Almanack: Variable weather.
Bad News! Fall of Detroit
By Major DARBY NOON, who passed through this village, express to Albany, we have received the heart-rending intelligence that the gallant General HULL and his brave army have capitulated and become prisoners to the British! The unfortunate General is a prisoner at Fort-Erie.
We have not learnt all the details of this dreadful disaster — but it would appear from the following extracts from the Buffalo Gazette that there had been considerable skirmishing between our troops and the British. Since the date of these accounts, the British pressed upon Gen. Hull and drove him back near to Detroit; there a short engagement ensued and the American Northwest Army surrendered to the British, consisting of 1000 Indians and 800 regulars
The causes of this deplorable event were the want of sufficient force, the scarcity of provisions, and the unhealthy state of the troops, there being but eight hundred effective men out of 2500. — The sickness of the troops was unquestionably owing to the want of proper provisions. — Utica Gazette.
COMMENT: Most American troops at Detroit were agreed that the real cause was the cowardice of the elderly General William Hull(1753-1825), who surrendered without firing a shot. Among other things he was terrified of the British Indians led by the Chief Tecumseh. Hull was court-martialed, and sentenced to be shot, but his sentence was remitted by President Madison.
The British Account
The pleasing task has now fallen to our lot, in conformation of the uniform predictions of the Bee, to announce to the public the important intelligence of the capture of Detroit with General Hull and all his army, on the 16th (August) together with the Adams vessel of war, and other naval force.
The following is the substance of an official communication, addressed to Col. Myers, upon the subject — the despatches having been forwarded to his Excellency Sir George Prevost, by way of York.
On the night of the 13th inst General [Isaac] Brock arrived at Amhurstburgh, with a reinforcement of 400 men, including militia and regulars, and immediately proceed[ed] to make arrangements for advancing to Sandwich, which the enemy had evacuated a few days before.
On the evening of the 15th a fire was opened from our batteries and continued for an hour with great effect, and recommenced before day on the morning of the 16th, from three mortars, one eighteen pounder and two twelve pounders, at which our troops crossed the river under cover of the Queen Charlotte and Hunter brig, at a point called Spring Wells, about three miles below Detroit, proceeded by a body of 600 Indians who were landed a mile lower down and marched through some thick woods with the intention of covering the left flank.
The landing was effected in good order without any opposition, the General being among the first boats. — Our army consisted of 700 men advanced in a column and took up a good position about a mile and a half in front of Detroit — every preparation was made for the assault of the Fort at one of the sallent [sic - salient] angles, which would have taken place in a few minutes had not a white flag been perceived coming from the garrison, the bearer bringing proposals from the exterminating [sic - ironic?] Gen. Hull, offering to surrender upon conditions which were soon dictated in General Hull’s tent by Captain Clegg and Colonel M’Donnell, A.D.C. to General Brock. —
A detachment of General Hull’s army of 400 men, under the command of Col. M’Arthur, who were on their return to the Fort, were included in the capitulation.
The fruits of this achievement have been the capture of 2500 regulars and militia, and twenty-five pieces of ordnance and other valuable stores, artillery, &c. without the loss of one drop of British blood. — Niagara Bee, August 22.
COMMENT: This appears to be an accurate account of the fall of Detroit, undoubtedly the worst defeat suffered by America during the War of 1812.
Troops Leave Boston
On Thursday a detachment of about 400 U.S. troops from Forts Independence and Warren, under the command of Lieut. Col. JOUS L. TUTTLE, marched through this town on their way to Albany.
They consisted of Infantry and artillery, and were followed by a long train of artillery apparatus, for 30 pieces of Cannon, besides cassons [sic- caissons] of fixed ammunition, travelling forges, tent equipages, baggage waggons, &c. drawn by four horses — 190 horses besides the officers’ were in the train — the whole together made an interesting and novel sight to the citizens of Boston and called up the National feelings of every true American. — Boston Post
Troops from Albany
Yesterday marched from their rendezvous in this city a detachment from Gen. DODGE’s brigade of drafted militia. They have gone to the western frontier — they were accompanied out of town by the Albany band of musicians, and marched with cheerfulness to the defence of their western brethren. This detachment is composed of drafts from the several counties — and promises fair [sic] distinguish itself in the hour of trial. — Albany Register, August 28.
COMMENT: Many American militia units refused to cross into Canada and fight there, on the grounds that they were legally obliged to fight only in their home state.
Last Sunday evening, two native Americans, living in Canada, embarked in a crazy boat....they... safely arrived at 4 mile point, above this village. — Buffalo Aug. 18
From the Otsego Herald
Taking risks and getting out of my comfort zone
I never thought that I would be trapped in so many whirlwinds of stressful thoughts about where I'm taking my life. There are so many different options to choose from, and so many decisions that have to be made. I feel like I am falling into an endless pit, awaiting my final decision that will inevitably lead me into the unknown that is my future.Continued ...
Denmark meeting expectations
Hej! My name is Max Ofer, and I am in Denmark through the Rotary Youth Exchange Program. I live in a small town called Hjallerup, consisting of 3000 people, in the northern part of Jutland, the main peninsula of Denmark.Continued ...
Local Voices From Around The Globe: Settling in and having a smooth transition
Oi! I'm spending my junior year as a Rotary Exchange student in Brazil.Continued ...
Teen Talk: Getting working experience has had its bumps in the road
Stepping into the working world has proven to be a lot harder than I thought it would be.Continued ...
Getting to attend a journalism and media conference
What has social media got to do with journalism? Why does the media focus on the topics it does, and how does that shape public opinion?Continued ...
Local Voice From Around the Globe:Thinking, 'How can this be?' all over again
I have at last bid farewell to India, and come home. However, the thread of my story did not stop at the departure gate, but continues on uninhibited, having only changed course.Continued ...
There is good, there is bad and then there is high school
Looking back at all my endeavors since freshmen year in high school, I realize that life moves on in a blink of an eye.Continued ...
Getting to know a man called 'Ee-yah'
Hughie Jennings died in 1928, but I feel like I know him well.Continued ...
Local Voice From Around the Globe: Keeping Thai while re-entering America
As I've begun my American life again, spending time with friends, holding up a job, etc, I've been able to stay above the tide of reverse culture shock and the sort of post-exchange despair that is common at this time for exchange students by meditating on some Thai-inspired thoughts.Continued ...
A new kind of racing is turning a dream into reality
There are really no words to describe getting on a race horse, getting behind the starting gate and taking off full speed at a trot. All I can say is it is a bumpy ride that gets the cheeks bouncing and your helmet pushing back in the wind.Continued ...
Fight to keep chicken alive has taken several attempts
I agree with the narrator of Robert Frost's poem "Mending Wall" that good fences make good neighbors - most of the time.Continued ...
'Read My Lips' may not be a memoir for everyone
Sometimes an actor or actress can be defined by a singular performance. Everyone remembers Vivian Leigh as Scarlett O'Hara in "Gone With the Wind," but most people would be hard pressed to name any of her other films (I can name one, "Caesar & Cleopatra," only because I saw it for a class in college).Continued ...
Local Voices From Around the Globe: It's been a year of inexplicable joy, struggle, hilarity and triumph
Recently I went with my host mother to travel through a central province of Thailand called Kanchanaburi. Here, I was able to sit among and pet sleeping tigers at a temple that serves as a tiger reserve/zoo.Continued ...
Attack on Sacket's Harbor
Sacket's Harbor, near the beginning of the St. Lawrence River from Lake Ontario, was the principal American naval base on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812.Continued ...
Once again, hope springs eternal ...
We are happy to report that although Mother Nature did her best to thwart the annual Upper Pioneer Street Block Party, she was not successful.Continued ...
Local performs costumed recitations of Casey at the Bat
Since 1996, I have had the privilege of doing costumed recitations of Casey at the Bat as part of my job at the Baseball Hall of Fame. Iâ€™ve performed the poem an estimated 2,000 times in 22 states, at ballparks, conferences, classrooms, Hall of Fame Induction ceremonies, weddings and other events.Continued ...
E-readers come in handy when traveling
I recently took a trip to California and it was the perfect time to make use of my e-reader. While I'm still devoted to actual books, I must admit that traveling with a thin, lightweight computerized device beats dragging along one or two bulky hard copy titles. The only issue is finding the right e-books to take on the airplaneContinued ...
Local Voices From Around the Globe: Arriving at the last bend in the River
The month of May is the height of the summer in India, a time best spent indoors with a good book and a sliced mango for company.Continued ...
Cooperstown election and law
On Tuesday the 18th inst. [May], the following persons were elected officers for this village for the ensuing year: --Continued ...
Local Voices From Around the Globe: Exchange has taught me to love my flaws
Hello from Germany! I'm currently on my second Euro Tour visiting and exploring most of Europe.Continued ...
- Taking risks and getting out of my comfort zone