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May 16, 2013

Maryland port attacked

(Continued)

COMMENT: Under the international laws of war, a nation may blockade the ports of an enemy, and seize and keep any ships seeking to enter or leave these ports. It must, however, publicly declare such a blockade (as this British order does), and must have enough naval ships around the port to carry it out effectively.

Notice that in this case the blockade only applies to the Port of New York and those to its south; the ports of New England are still allowed to trade, because the New England states were opposed to the war and quite willing to sell goods to Canada and other British destinations. Only later would the blockade be extended to cover them.

Prince George of England (1762-1830) had taken over the duties of his father, King George III (1738-1820) when the King became mentally incompetent in 1811, and was thus called the Prince Regent. Because of his flamboyant style of life, imitated by many of his countrymen, this period and its styles are often referred to as “Regency.” In 1820, when George III died, Prince George assumed the throne as King George IV, and reigned — not very gloriously — until his own death 10 years later.

Obituary

Died at Springfield on the 10th inst. [May], Miss RUTH HERRICK, late of this village, in the 20th year of her age.

COMMENT: Ruth had made a will on April 27, 1813, dividing most of her property between her five brothers, but giving an additional 20 shillings “for each and every week which my kind and affectionate brother Almerin Herrick has spent or shall hereafter spend in attending on me during my last illness ...”

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