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January 17, 2013

Gunpowder explosion

(Continued)

IV. And be it further ordained, That no person shall deposit, or cause to be deposited, any firewood in any street or alley in this Village, and suffer the same to remain, during the months of January, February, March and April, for more than forty-eight hours, and, during the remainder of the year, for more than twenty-four hours, under the penalty of twenty-five cents for each offence, and of twenty-five cents for every day the same shall remain thereafter.

V. And be it further ordained, That no person shall permit or suffer any geese or swine to remain at large within any street or alley in this Village, or suffer or permit any cow to run at large within the same during the months of December, January, February and March, under the penalty of twenty-five cents for every offence. –

COMMENT: Although Cooperstown had been a village since 1807, it was only in 1812 (when its name was officially changed from Otsego to Cooperstown) that its trustees actually began to govern.

Recapture of Moscow

Capture of Moscow by the Russians. On the morning of the 20th [October, 1812], Count Wittgenstien stormed Polotsk after two days hard fighting. 45 staff and superior officers, and 3000 rank and file were made prisoners, and an extraordinary number of the French were killed.

The Russian loss also was considerable, but their success was complete.

The Petersburgh militia and volunteers had joined before this battle, and had distinguished themselves in the most brilliant manner.

On the 22d, the corps of General Winziegerode entered Moscow, having obliged the French to evacuate the place with such precipitation, that they abandoned all their hospitals.

COMMENT: During the French occupation, on Sept. 14 to 18, most of Moscow (some say three quarters of its buildings) were destroyed by fire. The ancient Kremlin, however, survived. Much of the French army perished as it retreated out of Russia during the winter that followed. The Russian General Ludwig Adolph Peter, Count Wittgenstein (1769-1843), badly defeated the French army in Polotsk (now in the Republic of Bielorussia). Lieutenant General Ferdinand von Wintzingerode (1770-1818) led a unit of Cossacks in the recapture of Moscow.

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