From the Otsego Herald for Thursday, March 2, 1815, compiled with comments.

 

Summary

TREATY OF PEACE AND AMITY between HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, desirous of terminating the war which has unhappily subsisted between the two countries, and of restoring, upon principles of perfect reciprocity, peace, friendship and good understanding between them ... have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE THE FIRST. There shall be a firm and universal Peace ... without exception of places or persons. All hostilities, both by sea and land, shall cease as soon as this treaty shall have been ratified by both parties. ... All territories, places and possessions, whatsoever, taken from either party, by the other, ... excepting only the Islands hereinafter mentioned, shall be restored without delay, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away any of the artillery or other public property originally captured ... or any slaves or other private property.

And archives, records, deeds and papers, either of a public nature or belonging to private persons...shall be restored.

ARTICLE THE SECOND. Immediately after the ratification of this treaty by both parties, orders shall be sent to the armies, squadrons ... to cease from hostilities. ... All vessels and effects which may be taken after the space of twelve days from the said ratification upon all parts of the coast of North America (limits specified) shall be restored on each side. That the time shall be thirty days in all other parts of the Atlantic ocean, north of the ... equator, and for the British and Irish channels, for the Gulf of Mexico, and all parts of the West Indies; Forty days for the North Sea ... the Baltic, and all parts of the Mediterranean; Sixty days for the Atlantic Ocean south of the equator; Ninety days for every part of the world south of the equator; And one hundred and twenty days for every other part of the world, without exception.

ARTICLE THE THIRD. All prisoners of war ... shall be restored as soon as practicable after the ratification ... on their paying the debts which they may have contracted during their captivity.

ARTICLE THE FOURTH through ARTICLE THE EIGHTH. (Commissioners to be appointed to settle ownership of the Passamaquoddy Islands, and to determine the boundary in various areas between the United States and Canada.)

ARTICLE THE NINTH. The United States of America engage to put an end immediately ... to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians, with whom they may be at war ... and to restore to such tribes or nations ... all the possessions, rights and privileges which they may ... have been entitled to in one thousand eight hundred and eleven. ... And His Britannic Majesty engages ... to put an end immediately ... to all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom he may have been at war. 

ARTICLE THE TENTH. Whereas the traffic in slaves is irreconcilable with the principles of humanity and justice, and whereas both His Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavors to accomplish so desirable an object.

ARTICLE THE ELEVENTH. This treaty, when ... ratified ... shall be binding on both parties.

COMMENT: No mention is made of the issues which led America to declare war, nor of the British wish to create an Indian nation in the Ohio country.

Obituary

Died — In this village on Monday morning, 27th (February) Miss HARRIET GRIFFIN, after a lingering and painful illness, which she bore with exemplary patience. Although comparatively blameless in her life, she had a deep and affecting sense of the depravity of her nature, and derived her only hope from the mercy of God, through the merits of the Saviour.

COMMENT: “Comparatively blameless?” “Depraved nature?” Is this intended to refer to faults — presumably known the public in Cooperstown — or is it, which seems more likely, simply boiler-plate. But I’ve never seen an obituary like this. So far as I can make out Harriet was baptized as a Presbyterian on May 10, 1801, and was the daughter of Joseph (1757-1840) and Zeruiah (1764-1834) Griffin.

Death of Robert Fulton

Died — on the 22d last, ROBERT FULTON, Esq. of a fever which [he had suffered from] for several days. ... His social qualities were of the highest order. In works of taste, and every thing belonging to the fine arts, he was a great proficient. To all these attainments, excellent as they are, he added the powers of an inventive mind.

These he applied to improve the useful arts, by combining the forces of chemistry and mechanics. He became, by the efforts of his own understanding, an engineer of rare attainments. He had accomplished the navigation of rivers and sounds by boats, propelled by steam, and thereby incalculably facilitated transportation and travelling.

He was engaged ... in constructing a vessel of war, to be moved by the same means. This grand engine of annoyance was within a few weeks of completion when the news of peace reached the country.

Irreparable is this mournful accident to his surviving partner and promising babes!

COMMENT: Fulton (1765-1815) invented the commercial steam boat in 1807.

‘Peace Prices’

At the Brick Store, at the corner, in Cooperstown, the following articles are for sale, at the prices stated—viz:— Hyson Skin Tea, 12 s. per lb. Brown Sugar, 1s. 10d. do. Iron, $12 per cwt. 4d Nails, 1 s.7d. per lb. and all others at 1s. 4d. per lb. And all other Goods in the same proportion, for Cash only.

PETER GOODSELL. Cooperstown, Feb. 24, 1815.

COMMENT: His “peace prices” are still mostly listed in shillings and pence!