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August 9, 2012

Gov. Hull in Canada


— From the Otsego Herald

for Saturday, Aug. 8, 1812

Compiled, with comments



Utica 1812 Almanack: Some want of rain in some places.


Vote on War Declaration


New Hampshire, 3; Massachusetts, 6; Rhode Island, None; Vermont, 3; Connecticut, None; New York, 3; New Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 16; Delaware, None; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 14; North-Carolina, 6; South-Carolina, 8; Georgia, 3; Kentucky, 5; Tennessee, 3; Ohio, 1.


New Hampshire, 2; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island, 2; Vermont, 1; Connecticut, 7; New York, 11; New Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 2; Delaware 1; Maryland, 3; Virginia, 5; North Carolina, 3; South Carolina, None; Georgia, None; Kentucky, None; Tennessee, None; Ohio, None.

Yeas: 79; Nays 49. Majority for War 30.



On Monday last week, a Squaw, called DIMMIS, of the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, an itinerant, but resident a short time in this Village, having been taught that the whites, when disappointed in their choice of a sweetheart, sometimes hung themselves, or ended their life by some other mortal mean, and having taken a fancy that she was “crossed in love,” procured two ounces of opium, took nearly the whole, sufficient to have killed twenty persons, about 12 o’clock A.M. and after about an hour of intense suffering, she fell into a torpid state, which continued about two hours, when she expired — “Sic transit gloria Squawi”

About twelve she was dancing — about four hours later, she was a corpse.

---- “Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer”

“The pangs of love despis’d”

---- “Or by opposing end them.”

Her squawship chose the latter, and became “forgetful, Forever forgetful of the world” and love.

COMMENT: One would like to know more details of this case. The Stockbridge Indians are another name for the Mohican tribe of Eastern New York, who currently live in Wisconsin, but are — alas — best known from the title of James Fenimore Cooper’s novel “The Last of the Mohicans.” (1826).


Gov. Hull in Canada



Inhabitants of Canada!

After 30 years of peace and prosperity, the United States have been driven to arms. The injuries and aggressions of Great Britain have once more left them no alternative but manly resistance, or unconditional submission.

The army under my command, has invaded your country, and the standard of the UNION waves over the territory of CANADA. To the peaceable unoffending inhabitants, it brings neither danger nor difficulty. I come to find enemies, not to make them. I come to protect, not to injure you ....

The United States are sufficiently powerful to afford you every security, consistent with their rights, and your expectations. I tender you the invaluable blessings of Civil, Political and Religious Liberty, and their necessary result, individual and general prosperity — that liberty which gave decision to our councils and energy to our conduct in our struggle for independence, and which conducted us safely and triumphantly through the stormy period of the revolution ...

Remain in your homes -- pursue your peaceful and customary avocations -- raise not your hands against your brethren. Many of your fathers fought for the freedom and independence we now enjoy. Being children, therefore, of the same family with us, and heirs to the same heritage, the arrival of an army of friends must be hailed by you with a cordial welcome. You will be emancipated from tyranny and oppression, and restored to the dignified station of freemen.....

If the barbarous and savage policy of Great Britain be pursued, and the savages are let loose to murder our citizens, and butcher our women and children, this war will be a war of extermination. The first stroke of the tomahawk, the first attempt with the scalping knife, will be the signal for one indiscriminate scene of desolation. No white man found fighting by the side of an Indian, will be taken prisoner! Instant destruction will be his lot....

The UNITED STATES offer you Peace, Liberty & Security. Your choice lies between these and War, Slavery, and Destruction. Choose then, but choose wisely; and may HE who knows the justice of our cause, and who holds in his hands the fate of Nations, guide you to a result the most compatible with your rights and interest, your Peace and prosperity.

W. HULL.... SANDWICH, July 12, 1812.

COMMENT: General Hull, American commander at Detroit, had crossed the river and attacked the town of Sandwich in what is now Upper Ontario. His victory was very temporary, many Canadians ignored his calls to join him, and it was followed by a disastrous defeat when British General Sir Isaac Brock captured Detroit without firing a shot.



Some folk who piteously lament the horrors of war, declare that they would have been contented had it been waged against both England and France. As if the horrors of war would have been lessened by having two enemies instead of one....

The idea that we must know how to fight before we go to war, is much like that of the old woman who charged her son never to go into the water till he had learned to swim! — From the Trenton True American.