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Otsego Herald

July 3, 2013

American Victory


COMMENT: Sacket’s Harbor, in New York state on Lake Ontario near the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River, was throughout the War of 1812 the principal United States naval base and shipyard, and a place of vital strategic importance. On May 29, 1813, the British led by Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost (1767-1816), the overall British commander in Canada during the War of 1812, made a second unsuccessful attempt to capture it from their naval base at Kingston, Ontario.

Brigadier General Jacob Brown (1775-1828), then Major General of the New York State militia, is one of the greatest unsung heroes of the American army. He led the major American offensives in 1814, and was head of the US Army from 1815 until his death in 1828. Alas, he has been largely forgotten.


The Subscriber having been appointed by the President of the U. States, Agent for Vaccination, hereby gives notice, that GENUINE VACCINE MATTER, will be furnished to any Physician or other citizen of the United States, who may apply to him for it. The application must be made by post, and the requisite fee (FIVE DOLLARS) on the current bank paper of any of the middle states, forwarded with it. When required, such directions, &c. how to use it will be furnished with the matter, as will enable any discreet person who can read and write to secure his own family from the small pox, with the greatest certainty, and without any trouble or danger.

All letters on this subject, to or from the undersigned, and not exceeding half an ounce in weight, are carried by the United States mail free of postage, in conformity to a late act of Congress, entitled “An act to encourage Vaccination.

JAMES SMITH, U.S. Agent for Vaccination, Baltimore.

COMMENT: In 1796, Dr. Edward Jenner developed the first successful vaccination against the dreaded disease of smallpox. On Feb. 13, 1813, Congress passed a statute appointing an official Agent for Vaccination to provide genuine vaccination material (there had been a lot of fakes going around). It was the first Federal law on consumer protection and the regulation of drugs. Dr. James Smith (1771-1841) was a Baltimore physician who had campaigned for the law and became the first (and last) U.S. Agent for Vaccination. In 1821, Dr. Smith inadvertently mailed contaminated material to Tarboro, North Carolina, causing an epidemic of smallpox there that affected 60 people and killed 10. As a result, Congress repealed the law in 1822, and passed the question of smallpox vaccination back to the States.

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Otsego Herald
  • General Swift killed Ontario Repository, July 19, We have received ... orders ... announcing that on Tuesday evening, July 12, Brigadier General John Swift, of Palmyra, in this county, was killed in a most perfidious manner, by one of the enemy. The General had volunteered to reconnoiter the enemy's positions and works at Fort George, and took with him 120 men.

    July 24, 2014

  • American victories at Chippewa From an authentic source, we are happy to be able to state, that our army under the command of maj. gen. Brown, crossed from Buffalo to the Canada shore on the 3d of July inst. and that Fort Erie surrendered to our arms at 6 o'clock in the morning.

    July 17, 2014

  • Civil War breaks out in Haiti The Baltimore American (extra) of the 22d, contains translations from the Royal Gazette of Hayti of the 23d of March; being official details of the capture of Fort Sabourin, by the troops of Christophe, from those of Petion, in a report of the Prince of Limbe, minister of war and marine, having under him the Duke of l’Arbonila and Duke of Grand Reviere, and 8 battalions of troops.

    July 10, 2014

  • Sacket's Harbor saved Dispatch from Brigadier-General Brown, to the Secretary of War ... June 1, 1813. SIR--You will have received my dispatch of the 29th [May] written from the field of battle ... that this post had been attacked by Sir George Prevost, and that we had succeeded in repulsing him ...

    July 3, 2014

  • Attack on Wareham undertaken Wareham [near New Bedford], June 14.... Yesterday morning we were informed of the approach of the enemy, and at about eleven o'clock A.M. they landed at the village called the Narrows, with a flag. There were six barges containing two hundred and twenty men.

    June 26, 2014

  • Victory won at Sandy Creek "I have the honor to transmit herewith Major Appling's report of the gallant affair which took place yesterday morning between a detachment of the 1st Rifle Regiment and Oneida Indians under his command, and a detachment from the British fleet, consisting of sailors and marines commanded by Captain Popham of the Royal Navy.

    June 19, 2014

  • Downfall of Napoleon Boston, June 4, 1814: We are able to give in our paper to-day the history of another surprising revolution in France.

    June 12, 2014

  • New ferryboat speeds travel Progress of the arts -- For several days past, the new ferry boat, invented by Moses Rodgers, Esq. of this city, propelled by the draught of six horses, has been plying between this city and Brooklyn, a distance of three quarters of a mile.

    June 5, 2014

  • Jackson victorious in Creek War Despatch from Gen. Jackson to Tennessee Governor [Willie] Blount, [from] Camp at the junction of the Coosee and Talapoosie, April 18th, 1814.

    May 29, 2014

  • Passing out bibles The annual meeting of the Otsego County Bible Society, will be held at the Meeting-House in Cooperstown, on Thursday the 9th day of June next. A sermon will be delivered by the first Vice-President at half past ten o'clock A.M.

    May 22, 2014