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Otsego Herald

June 12, 2014

Downfall of Napoleon

From the Otsego Herald

for Wednesday, June 15, 1814

Compiled, with comments

WAR IN EUROPE ENDS

Boston, June 4, 1814: We are able to give in our paper to-day the history of another surprising revolution in France. 

On the 30th of March the allied armies arrived at the gates of Paris, and at night an armistice of four hours was concluded, for the purpose of treating upon the terms of the surrender of the city.

On the 31st of March, at two o’clock in the morning, the capitulation was signed; at 7, the French troops evacuated the city, and at 11, the Emperor of Russia, the king of Prussia, the Austrian Prince, Field Marshal, &c. made their solemn entry, and were received with enthusiastic acclamations by the people....

April 1st, a provisional government was appointed by the Senate, at the head of which was Talleyrand.

April 3d, the Senate solemnly decreed that Napoleon had forfeited the throne.... About the 5th...Bonaparte...renounced for himself and his heirs the thrones of France and Italy.

On the 6th the conservative Senate ratified the plan for a national constitution.... The form...is a limited monarchy, bearing many of the features of the British government, and many of our own Federal constitution. It recalls to the throne the Bourbon family...[and] requires the king to swear to an observation of the constitution.

On the 12th, the Count d’Artois, brother of Louis XVIII, entered Paris, and was received with the greatest cordiality and applause.....

The enemies of the repose of Europe are all conquered, but the great work of settling the terms of peace remains yet to be accomplished.

COMMENT: With the fall of the Emperor Napoleon, after his defeat by the combined armies of the other major European nations, the pre-Revolutionary rule of the Bourbon dynasty was restored. The new ruler, though now under a Constitution, was King Louis XVIII (1755-1824), younger brother of King Louis the XVI who had been executed in 1795 during the French Revolution.

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