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Otsego Herald

May 15, 2014

Oswego held for 15 hours

From the Otsego Herald

for Wednesday, May 18, 1814

Compiled, with comments

by HUGH C. MacDOUGALL

OSWEGO RAIDED

A letter from Onondaga, dated 9th [May]...says: “On Thursday the enemy’s fleet appeared off Oswego, consisting of 3 ships, 2 brigs, 2 schooners, and 11 gun boats, full of men.

“They were twice repulsed, in attempting to land.

“On Friday, however, they made good their landing, with a body of about 1800 men, after a very severe conflict; — captured the fort, and took 6 prisoners.

“Our troops ... amounting to between 3 and 400 regulars, having retreated to the falls, 11 miles from Oswego, where they made a stand, and were joined by a party of militia. ...

“[They] learned that the enemy had re-embarked on Saturday, after being in possession of Oswego 15 hours; they burned the barracks and military store houses, and took away or destroyed all the public property, amounting to about 40,000 dollars.

Several small vessels, with 10 or 12 large guns, were sunk by our people on the approach of the enemy’s fleet.” – Albany Gazette.

COMMENT: Oswego, at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, was an important transit point for weapons and other supplies intended for the major American naval base at Sacket’s Harbor where the Saint Lawrence River flows out of Lake Ontario.

Whole Atlantic Coast Blockaded

Proclamation by British Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane:

Whereas, Admiral ... Sir John Borlase Warren did ... the 16th day of November,1813, declare that not only the Ports and Harbors of the Chesapeake, Delaware, New York, Charleston, Port Royal, Savannah, and the river Mississippi, in the United States of America, were and still continued in a state of Blockade,

But also that part of Long Island Sound, being the Sea Coast lying within Montauk Point and the point ... opposite ... commonly called Black Point, together with all the Ports, Harbors, Creeks and Entrances of the North and East Rivers of New-York ... as well as all the Ports ... on the Sea Coast of the States of East and West Jersey, Pennsylvania, the Lower Countries on the Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia ... were blockaded,

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Otsego Herald
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