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Otsego Herald

May 29, 2014

Jackson victorious in Creek War

From the Otsego Herald

for Wednesday, June 1, 1814

Compiled, with comments


Creek War Ended

Dispatch from Gen. Jackson to Tennessee Governor [Willie] Blount, [from] Camp at the junction of the Coosee and Talapoosie, April 18th, 1814.

SIR — I am happy to inform you that the campaign is at length drawing to a prosperous close. We have secured the Coosee and Talapoosee, and the intervening country. A part of the enemy made their escape.... Many...have...surrendered unconditionally; and others are on their way and hourly arriving to submit in the same way....

Many of the negroes who were taken at Fort Mimms, have been delivered up, and one white woman, (Polly Jones) with her two children — They will be properly taken care of.

The Talapoosee king has been arrested and is here in confinement. The Tastahatchee king of the Hickory ground tribe has delivered himself up. ... Peter M’Quin has been taken but escaped. He must be taken again. Hillinhabee, their great prophet, has also absconded; but he will be found. They were the instigators of the war and such is their situation.

The business of the campaign will not I presume require that I or my troops should remain here much longer. Gen. Pinckney and Col. Hawkins, who are now with me, have been appointed to make the treaty.

I am sir, very respectfully, your most obedient humble servant, AND. JACKSON, Maj. Gen.

COMMENT: On March 27, 1814, the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River in Alabama had brought the lengthy war between the Creek Indians (known as the Red Sticks) and white settlers to a climax, helping to launch Tennessee militia commander Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) on his road to the White House.

Jackson, with 2,000 soldiers (mostly Tennessee militia) had killed 557 Creek warriors, and another 250-300 were drowned trying to escape.

Young Sam Houston (1793-1863), who would go on to become president of an independent Texas, was present and said of the battle:

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