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Otsego Herald

July 11, 2013

American Frigate Lost

(Continued)

American Captain James Lawrence (1781-1813) was an American hero for his bravery during the first Barbary War in 1804. He was mortally wounded during the combat with the Shannon, and as he lay dying called out “Don’t Give Up the Ship,” which — though not heeded in this case — became a favorite U.S. Navy slogan.

British Captain Philip Broke (1776-1841) had given his men unusually rigorous training in gunnery, and as the ships approached instructed his gunners to: “Throw no shot away. Aim every one. Keep cool. Work steadily. Fire into her quarters – main-deck to main-deck, quarterdeck to quarterdeck. Don’t try to dis-mast her. Kill the men and the ship is yours.” Broke led the men who boarded and captured the Chesapeake, suffering a serious head wound, from which he only partially recovered.

This was very welcome news for the British, after the victories won by the USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”) the previous year. British Captain Broke became an instant British hero; he was created a Baronet, given a rare gold medal, and eventually became a Rear Admiral. A well-known ballad was written about the fight.

Bye-Bye Dearborn

Letter from Major General Lewis to the Secretary of War, June 14, 1813.

SIR—You will perceive by the enclosed copy of orders...that Gen. Dearborn, from indisposition, has resigned his command, not only of the Niagara army but the District. I have doubts whether he will ever again be fit for service. He had been repeatedly in a state of convalescence; but relapses on the least agitation of mind ... MORGAN LEWIS

COMMENT: Major General Henry Dearborn (1751-1829) was at this time “Senior Officer of the United States Army,” in charge of the Northeast sector. A distinguished veteran of the Revolution, in which he served from the Battles of Bunker Hill to Yorktown, he was Secretary of War under President Jefferson from 1801-1809, where he worked on a project to send Native Americans to the other side of the Mississippi River. Called to active duty in the War of 1812, his performance ranged from doubtful to incompetent.

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Otsego Herald
  • British bomb Connecticut The inhabitants of Stonington have again distinguished themselves by their gallant and heroic defence of their little village and battery against the most "fearful odds" of the enemy. With a sufficiency of musketry and lighter field-pieces, we presume, to meet any attempt at landing their means of annoying the enemy consisted of only two 10 pounders, worked by militia or raw troops.

    August 21, 2014

  • British annex Maine Islands Royal Proclamation, by Capt. Sir Thomas Hardy, Baronet, commanding the Naval Forces, and Lt. Col. Andrew Pilkington, commanding the Land Forces of His Britannic Majesty, in the Bay of Passamaquoddy.

    August 14, 2014

  • Battle of Lundy's Lane The Late Bloody Battle. -- Extract from a letter from Dr. E. L. Allen, of the 21st Regt....Buffalo, 26th, July 1814

    August 7, 2014

  • NAVY IN SOUTH AMERICA British Perfidy New York, July 15th,1814--letter to Secretary of the Navy Sir--There are some facts relating to our enemy, and although not connected with the action, serve to shew [sic] his perfidy and should be known.

    July 31, 2014

  • General Swift killed Ontario Repository, July 19, We have received ... orders ... announcing that on Tuesday evening, July 12, Brigadier General John Swift, of Palmyra, in this county, was killed in a most perfidious manner, by one of the enemy. The General had volunteered to reconnoiter the enemy's positions and works at Fort George, and took with him 120 men.

    July 24, 2014

  • American victories at Chippewa From an authentic source, we are happy to be able to state, that our army under the command of maj. gen. Brown, crossed from Buffalo to the Canada shore on the 3d of July inst. and that Fort Erie surrendered to our arms at 6 o'clock in the morning.

    July 17, 2014

  • Civil War breaks out in Haiti The Baltimore American (extra) of the 22d, contains translations from the Royal Gazette of Hayti of the 23d of March; being official details of the capture of Fort Sabourin, by the troops of Christophe, from those of Petion, in a report of the Prince of Limbe, minister of war and marine, having under him the Duke of l’Arbonila and Duke of Grand Reviere, and 8 battalions of troops.

    July 10, 2014

  • Sacket's Harbor saved Dispatch from Brigadier-General Brown, to the Secretary of War ... June 1, 1813. SIR--You will have received my dispatch of the 29th [May] written from the field of battle ... that this post had been attacked by Sir George Prevost, and that we had succeeded in repulsing him ...

    July 3, 2014

  • Attack on Wareham undertaken Wareham [near New Bedford], June 14.... Yesterday morning we were informed of the approach of the enemy, and at about eleven o'clock A.M. they landed at the village called the Narrows, with a flag. There were six barges containing two hundred and twenty men.

    June 26, 2014

  • Victory won at Sandy Creek "I have the honor to transmit herewith Major Appling's report of the gallant affair which took place yesterday morning between a detachment of the 1st Rifle Regiment and Oneida Indians under his command, and a detachment from the British fleet, consisting of sailors and marines commanded by Captain Popham of the Royal Navy.

    June 19, 2014