Cooperstown Crier - Your Source for Hometown News - Cooperstown, Baseball Hall of Fame

Otsego Herald

September 12, 2013

Otsego men drafted

From the Otsego Herald

for Saturday, September 11, 1813

Compiled, with comments

by HUGH C. MacDOUGALL

MILITIA DRAFT

Agreeably to General Orders ... received last evening ... by Lieut. Col. Elijah M. Metcalf, of this village, it appears that this county has to furnish as its quota of Artillery, 1 captain, 2 first lieutenants, 2 second do., 5 sergeants, 6 corporals, 1 drummer, 1 fifer, and 90 privates, total 108,whom we understand, by Col. are to rendezvous in this village, as soon as they can be organized ...

The quota of Militia, of this county, is as follows: 1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Ensigns, 5 Sergeants, 5 Corporals, 1 Drummer, 1 Fifer, and 90 privates of Infantry, and the same of Light Infantry; total 216 ...

The detachment is required under the authority of the act of Congress, passed 28th February, 1795,and will not serve a longer term than three months.

COMMENT: All told, this draft of militia covered eight counties, and called for 1,496 infantry, 540 light infantry, 106 riflemen, 432 artillery, and a company of horse artillery. The field artillery were to be commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Hyde Metcalf (1778-1821) of Cooperstown.

Virtually all able-bodied white males were required to serve in the militia. When a draft of them was called, volunteers could take their place to the extent available. A major problem with New York militia during the War of 1812, aside from the fact that most were untrained and badly equipped, is that many units refused point-blank to serve outside the boundary of New York State, thus wrecking a number of American attempts to invade Canada.

“Light Infantry” were units intended to march outside the main heavy infantry units, to screen them from attack, and its “members were often smaller, more agile men with high shooting ability and capability of using initiative.” Rifle-men, of course, carried rifles — as opposed to the smooth-bore muskets of regular infantry.

Direct Tax

By the “act to lay and collect a Direct Tax (of three millions) within the United States,” the following apportionment is made among the several states ... New York $480,141.62 ... The quota of the state of New-York ... is apportioned among the several counties, as follows: ... Otsego $11,690 ...

Text Only
Otsego Herald
  • British bomb Connecticut The inhabitants of Stonington have again distinguished themselves by their gallant and heroic defence of their little village and battery against the most "fearful odds" of the enemy. With a sufficiency of musketry and lighter field-pieces, we presume, to meet any attempt at landing their means of annoying the enemy consisted of only two 10 pounders, worked by militia or raw troops.

    August 21, 2014

  • British annex Maine Islands Royal Proclamation, by Capt. Sir Thomas Hardy, Baronet, commanding the Naval Forces, and Lt. Col. Andrew Pilkington, commanding the Land Forces of His Britannic Majesty, in the Bay of Passamaquoddy.

    August 14, 2014

  • Battle of Lundy's Lane The Late Bloody Battle. -- Extract from a letter from Dr. E. L. Allen, of the 21st Regt....Buffalo, 26th, July 1814

    August 7, 2014

  • NAVY IN SOUTH AMERICA British Perfidy New York, July 15th,1814--letter to Secretary of the Navy Sir--There are some facts relating to our enemy, and although not connected with the action, serve to shew [sic] his perfidy and should be known.

    July 31, 2014

  • General Swift killed Ontario Repository, July 19, We have received ... orders ... announcing that on Tuesday evening, July 12, Brigadier General John Swift, of Palmyra, in this county, was killed in a most perfidious manner, by one of the enemy. The General had volunteered to reconnoiter the enemy's positions and works at Fort George, and took with him 120 men.

    July 24, 2014

  • American victories at Chippewa From an authentic source, we are happy to be able to state, that our army under the command of maj. gen. Brown, crossed from Buffalo to the Canada shore on the 3d of July inst. and that Fort Erie surrendered to our arms at 6 o'clock in the morning.

    July 17, 2014

  • Civil War breaks out in Haiti The Baltimore American (extra) of the 22d, contains translations from the Royal Gazette of Hayti of the 23d of March; being official details of the capture of Fort Sabourin, by the troops of Christophe, from those of Petion, in a report of the Prince of Limbe, minister of war and marine, having under him the Duke of l’Arbonila and Duke of Grand Reviere, and 8 battalions of troops.

    July 10, 2014

  • Sacket's Harbor saved Dispatch from Brigadier-General Brown, to the Secretary of War ... June 1, 1813. SIR--You will have received my dispatch of the 29th [May] written from the field of battle ... that this post had been attacked by Sir George Prevost, and that we had succeeded in repulsing him ...

    July 3, 2014

  • Attack on Wareham undertaken Wareham [near New Bedford], June 14.... Yesterday morning we were informed of the approach of the enemy, and at about eleven o'clock A.M. they landed at the village called the Narrows, with a flag. There were six barges containing two hundred and twenty men.

    June 26, 2014

  • Victory won at Sandy Creek "I have the honor to transmit herewith Major Appling's report of the gallant affair which took place yesterday morning between a detachment of the 1st Rifle Regiment and Oneida Indians under his command, and a detachment from the British fleet, consisting of sailors and marines commanded by Captain Popham of the Royal Navy.

    June 19, 2014