BY HUGH C. MACDOUGALL
All those indebted to John Lawrence, Post-rider, and do not settle the same IMMEDIATELY may rely upon having to pay cost!! Otego, Aug. 24.
COMMENT: This was not the first time that John Lawrence had to advertise to collect from those to whom he distributed the mail and newspapers.
Baltimore, August 6. The Louisiana Gazette, a federal (i.e. Federalist party) print, contains the following paragraph with the annexed note, in writing on the margin of the paper:
``Letters have been received to day from Bayou Sarah and Baton Rouge, stating that the people of those districts in West-Florida, had in contemplation to form a government of themselves, that they had been for some time without law or the semblance of government, and that self preservation drove them to the measure which they were about to take. We are promised extracts of the letters, which, if handed to us, shall appear tomorrow.’’*
* (evidently hand written): ``The letters could not be published, being of too serious a nature to be inserted in a newspaper.’’
COMMENT: West Florida, an area along the coastline of today’s Mississippi and Alabama, as well as that portion of Louisiana (including Baton Rouge) east of the Mississippi River, was at this time still a Spanish colony, though inhabited largely by American settlers. Throughout the summer of 1810, settlers dissatisfied with Spanish rule had been meeting, and on September 23 they would capture the Spanish military garrison at Baton Rouge and declare the independent Republic of West Florida. A month later, the United States annexed most of the territory.
The thrust of printing this article, from the viewpoint of the Otsego Herald, was to demonstrate the refusal of the Federalist Party to publish the truth.
Volunteerism Augusta, (Maine) July 31.
We mentioned last week the conflagration of Mr. Moses Judkin’s house, &c. Fayette. For the honor of the inhabitants of that town, we cheerfully give publicity to the following: Mr. J’s house was consumed early in the morning of the 17th last (Tuesday) — The next day the citizens generally volunteered for the purpose of erecting a new one, and on Thursday afternoon a frame was raised on the former foundations, forty feet by thirty-two. By Saturday evening it was boarded and shingled, and the floors laid, and the house finished in such a manner as to be comfortable for the family, who took possession the Monday following.
COMMENT: Moses Judkins (ca. 1771-1824), described as a ``yeoman,’’ came from New Hampshire and was an early settler in Fayette, Maine. He married and raised seven children, and also served (for 16 days!) in the Militia during the War of 1812. A brief New York Times article, published in 1890, described Judkins’ funeral ``sixty years ago’’ at which four gallons of rum were dispensed to the thirsty pall-bearers.
Major Earthquake in Crete Extract from a letter dated Smyrna (Syria), February 16, 1810. ``About midnight I experienced a considerable shock of an earthquake... I have since learned that the same earthquake was felt, in all its terrific force, in the Island of Candia (the ancient Crete).
``—- That the greater part of the city of Candia, and all its fortifications, are entirely destroyed, and a destructive fire raging at the same time, added to the misery of the wretched inhabitants.
``—- That eight villages in the neighborhood of Candia are but heaps of rubbish, and many thousand people buried in the ruins of their own dwellings, drowned in the rush of water, or perished by the fire, for it seems as if all the elements had conspired in vengeance against this unhappy Island.
``The olive fields are destroyed, and the most luxuriant part of this beautiful island exhibits at present but one wide waste of ruin, devastation, and death.
``The earthquake has been (as letters which are received mention) felt in Cairo, Alexandria, Malta, Sicily, and in all the Islands of (the Greek) Archipelago, in many of which it has thrown down houses, and done other damage.’’
COMMENT: The Greekowned island of Crete, in the eastern Mediterranean, has suffered from many earthquakes.
The 1810 earthquake (estimated at 7.2 on the Richter scale), was followed by two large aftershocks, and created a tsunami — the ``rush of water’’ referred to in this article. It caused over 2,000 deaths in Crete, and wreaked damage all over the eastern Mediterranean.
Storm in North Carolina Wilmington, (N.C.) July 24. On Sunday during a very violent thunder storm in this town, the lightning struck the tenement houses, occupied as stores, by Messrs. C. Nichols, and Harris and Saunders.
It descended the chimneys and set fire to two puncheons of rum, which soon put both stores, with their contents, in a general blaze. Efforts were made, but in vain, to extinguish the fire and save the property.
The conflagration continued with unabating fury, consuming five houses on Market street, until it reached the first range of brick buildings, belonging to Mr. J. F. Burgwin, to which it did considerable injury, but the lofty and solid wall of brick which its eastern end presented, put an effectual stop to the further progress of the fire.
The property destroyed is estimated at 8000 dollars. Itis somewhat remarkable that the houses struck, are low and situated in the lowest part of the town.
COMMENT: Throughout the 19th century, fire remained an enormous danger in urban areas, where it could spread rapidly and where fire-engines were primitive.
BY HUGH C. MACDOUGALL
- Otsego Herald
- British annex Maine Islands Royal Proclamation, by Capt. Sir Thomas Hardy, Baronet, commanding the Naval Forces, and Lt. Col. Andrew Pilkington, commanding the Land Forces of His Britannic Majesty, in the Bay of Passamaquoddy.
- Battle of Lundy's Lane The Late Bloody Battle. -- Extract from a letter from Dr. E. L. Allen, of the 21st Regt....Buffalo, 26th, July 1814
- NAVY IN SOUTH AMERICA British Perfidy New York, July 15th,1814--letter to Secretary of the Navy Sir--There are some facts relating to our enemy, and although not connected with the action, serve to shew [sic] his perfidy and should be known.
- General Swift killed Ontario Repository, July 19, We have received ... orders ... announcing that on Tuesday evening, July 12, Brigadier General John Swift, of Palmyra, in this county, was killed in a most perfidious manner, by one of the enemy. The General had volunteered to reconnoiter the enemy's positions and works at Fort George, and took with him 120 men.
- American victories at Chippewa From an authentic source, we are happy to be able to state, that our army under the command of maj. gen. Brown, crossed from Buffalo to the Canada shore on the 3d of July inst. and that Fort Erie surrendered to our arms at 6 o'clock in the morning.
- Civil War breaks out in Haiti The Baltimore American (extra) of the 22d, contains translations from the Royal Gazette of Hayti of the 23d of March; being official details of the capture of Fort Sabourin, by the troops of Christophe, from those of Petion, in a report of the Prince of Limbe, minister of war and marine, having under him the Duke of lâ€™Arbonila and Duke of Grand Reviere, and 8 battalions of troops.
- Sacket's Harbor saved Dispatch from Brigadier-General Brown, to the Secretary of War ... June 1, 1813. SIR--You will have received my dispatch of the 29th [May] written from the field of battle ... that this post had been attacked by Sir George Prevost, and that we had succeeded in repulsing him ...
- Attack on Wareham undertaken Wareham [near New Bedford], June 14.... Yesterday morning we were informed of the approach of the enemy, and at about eleven o'clock A.M. they landed at the village called the Narrows, with a flag. There were six barges containing two hundred and twenty men.
- Victory won at Sandy Creek "I have the honor to transmit herewith Major Appling's report of the gallant affair which took place yesterday morning between a detachment of the 1st Rifle Regiment and Oneida Indians under his command, and a detachment from the British fleet, consisting of sailors and marines commanded by Captain Popham of the Royal Navy.
- Downfall of Napoleon Boston, June 4, 1814: We are able to give in our paper to-day the history of another surprising revolution in France.
- More Otsego Herald Headlines