From the Otsego Herald
for Saturday, Jan. 15, 1814
Compiled, with comments
by HUGH C. MacDOUGALL
Under this head we have given the most important rumors that are afloat relative to a speedy peace with England. We would that something more satisfactory could be laid before our readers, touching this important subject. But at present it appears that public attention and expectation has been aroused by surmises only. In this speculating age, we should not be at all surprised should the whole business evaporate in smoke! In the meanwhile let us all look well to that host of speculating sharpers and swindlers with which our country is infested.
Message from Lord Castlereagh
Wednesday, Dec. 31. Dispatches from lord Castlereagh were received last night at 12 o’clock at the secretary of state’s office, per the cartel [ship under flag of truce] arrived at Annapolis. They are said to be of a pacific nature. A cabinet council has been convoked. The messenger is instructed to wait three weeks for an answer.
COMMENT: Irish-born Robert Sterling, Viscount Castlereagh, (1769-1822) was British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and leader in the House of Commons from 1812 until his death by suicide in 1822. He led British Foreign Policy throughout the War of 1812. A Russian offer in March 1813 to mediate an end to the War of 1812 with America was accepted by the United States, which immediately sent a delegation of commissioners led by John Quincy Adams to St. Petersburg, but the offer was rejected by Castlereigh. Only after the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813 did the British agree to negotiate directly with America.
Hints of the Message
Letter, dated Baltimore, Jan. 1. Expresses [couriers] passing here this morning, gave the news from Washington to be “that peace will certainly ensue. Our ministers have met in Russia and a correspondence has commenced. They have differed on some points, which both parties have agreed to refer to their respective governments, & lord Castlereagh has communicated to our government what that difference is.”