From the Otsego Herald
for Saturday, Jan. 23, 1814
Compiled, with comments
Excerpts from Documents
President Madison to Congress. Jan. 6, 1814: I transmit for the information of Congress copies of a letter from the British Secretary of state for foreign affairs to the [American] Secretary of State, with the answer of the latter.
In appreciating the accepted proposal of the government of Great Britain for instituting negociations for peace, Congress will not fail to keep in mind that vigorous preparations for carrying on the war can in no respect impede the progress to a favorable result, whilst a relaxation of such preparations, should the wishes of the United States for a speedy restoration of the blessings of peace be disappointed, would necessarily have the most injurious consequences. JAMES MADISON.
Lord Castlereigh to the Secretary of State. November 4, 1813: I have the honor to enclose ... a copy of a note which his Britannic Majesty’s Ambassador at the Court of St. Petersburgh was directed to present to the Russian government [when] ... Plenipotentiaries had been nominated on the part of the American government for the purpose of negotiating for peace with Great Britain under the mediation of his Imperial Majesty [the Tsar of Russia] ...
The British government is willing to enter into discussion with the government of America for the conciliatory adjustment of the differences subsisting between the two states ... upon principles of perfect reciprocity not inconsistent with the established maxims of public law, and with the maritime rights of the British Empire ...
[Enclosure: Note from British Ambassador Cathcart to Russian Foreign Minister Nesselrode. 1st Sept. 1813 ... Although [the Prince Regent of Britain] finds himself under the necessity of not accepting the interposition of any friendly power in the question which forms the principal object in dispute between the two nations, he is nevertheless ready to nominate plenipotentiaries, to treat directly with the American plenipotentiaries. [He] sincerely wishes that the conferences of these plenipotentiaries may result in re-establishing between the two nations, the blessings and the reciprocal advantages of peace.... The Prince Regent would prefer that the conferences should be held at London ... [but he] would consent to substitute Gottenburg [in Sweden] as the place nearest to England ... CATHCART]