Secretary of State to Lord Castlereigh. Jan. 5, 1814 ... I am ... instructed to make known to your Lordship ... that the President accedes to his proposition, and will take the measures depending on him for carrying it into effect at Gottenburg, with as little delay as possible ... JAMES MONROE
COMMENT: Thus the American Government reluctantly agreed to direct peace talks with Britain, to be conducted at Gottenburg [Gothenburg] in Sweden. The time—and as it turned out—the place of these negotiations remained to be agreed upon. The terms of that peace were not yet even discussed.
Back To Africa Movement
House of Representatives, Friday, Jan. 7. Mr. Wheaton, of Mass. presented a petition of Paul Cuffee, a free colored man, who states, that from motives of religion and humanity he has been induced to attempt the civilization of the inhabitants of the African continent, and praying permission for a vessel to depart from the United States to Sierra Leone for the purpose of carrying a number of families of free colored people to effect the object of his undertaking. Referred to the committee of Commerce and Manufactures.
COMMENT: Captain Paul Cuffee (1759-1817) was half West African, half Native American, and a devout Quaker by religion, as well as a Sea Captain, a patriot, and an abolitionist. He was instrumental in persuading the State of Massachusetts to grant the vote to free Black males in 1783, and by 1800 was probably the wealthiest non-European in America. He became interested in the British effort, beginning in 1787, to re-settle British Blacks in Sierra Leone in West Africa, and in 1810 traveled there to promote the project for Americans.
Though his efforts were interrupted by the War of 1812, he led a group of 38 Black colonists from America to Sierra Leone in 1815, mostly at his own expense. Back in America, he tried unsuccessfully to get Congress to finance the resettlement of free Blacks in Africa and/or Haiti, and before his death became involved with the American Colonization Society that eventually established the American African colony of Liberia.