American surrender of Fort Michilimackinac
Letter from Lt. Porter Hanks, American commander of the strategic fort between Lakes Huron and Michigan, dated Aug. 4, 1812:
“I could discover that the enemy were in possession of the heights that commanded the fort.... At half past 11 o’clock [on July 17] the enemy...demand[ed] the surrender of the fort and island.... I was as well prepared...as I possibly could have been with the force under my command, amounting to 56 effective men, including officers.... I ascertained the strength of the enemy to be from 900 to 1000 strong...[with] two pieces of artillery.... [It] was impossible...to hold out against such a superior force.... The fort and garrison were accordingly surrendered....”
COMMENT: Thus the United States lost control of the upper Great Lakes for the War of 1812. Lt. Hanks was captured, released, and killed at Detroit on Aug. 16.