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Otsego Herald

October 11, 2012

Indian attack

(Continued)

American surrender of Fort Michilimackinac

Letter from Lt. Porter Hanks, American commander of the strategic fort between Lakes Huron and Michigan, dated Aug. 4, 1812:

“I could discover that the enemy were in possession of the heights that commanded the fort.... At half past 11 o’clock [on July 17] the enemy...demand[ed] the surrender of the fort and island.... I was as well prepared...as I possibly could have been with the force under my command, amounting to 56 effective men, including officers.... I ascertained the strength of the enemy to be from 900 to 1000 strong...[with] two pieces of artillery.... [It] was impossible...to hold out against such a superior force.... The fort and garrison were accordingly surrendered....”

COMMENT: Thus the United States lost control of the upper Great Lakes for the War of 1812. Lt. Hanks was captured, released, and killed at Detroit on Aug. 16.

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Otsego Herald
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