Otsego Herald for Aug. 10, 1818, compiled, with comments.

Battles of Talca, March 2018

PROCLAMATIONS, of the Supreme director of Chili, and of General San Martin, after the affair of the 19th March, 1818.

[1] CITIZENS: A portion of the soldiers of the country, in the battle of Talca, persuaded that all the regiments were routed,...[are] spreading melancholy rumors, which cowards, who are never wanting, have exaggerated.... Our force is still four thousand strong; the proud hopes of the enemy are frustrated—they have...sustained a loss which prevents their advancing a step.

Order, subordination, and confidence, will be the basis of our operations: With these virtues, all difficulties will be vanquished, and the country saved. CITIZENS! be firm; be faithful. Will you be frightened by phantoms? To arms, brave soldiers! let us exterminate the handful of soldiers who have dared to profane our soil! O’HIGGINS.

[2] CHILIANS: You are already convinced, that the mischance of the army of the country on the night of the 19th is nothing more than a phantom of horror, conjured up by cowards to alarm the people.

It is true, that by an accident, impossible to guard against, the result has been unfortunate, but the dispersion of the troops, the principal misfortune of that night, is in great part remedied. Four thousand troops are in arms upon the right bank of the Maipu...and militia are daily flocking in....

The capital of Santiago will be fortified, so as to enable it to defend itself to the last; but the army under my command will give battle before returning to its lines.... The country will be in no danger, if you consecrate yourselves with good faith to defend it.... Let us chastise the tyrants: and let life be sacrificed, if necessary for the liberty of the country. JOSE DE SAN MARTIN

COMMENT: These communiques seem pretty defensive, following defeats. But, despite losses to Royalist troops on March 5 and 19 at Talca (150 miles south of Santiago), revolutionary troops led by Bernardo O’Higgins (1778-1842) and Argentine General Jose de San Martin (1778-1850) combined to win a big victory at Maipu on April 8, leading to the independence of Argentina and Chile in 1819.

Wedding

MARRIED — At Burlington (NY), on the 29th (July) by the Rev. Mr. Nash, Mr. Henry Sill, merchant, to Miss Abigail Dimock, all of that town.

COMMENT: Henry Sill (1786-1869) came from Connecticut, but lived most of his life in Burlington, Otsego County, where he was for some time the postmaster. Abigail Dimock (1789-1834) was also from Connecticut. They had five children. They were married by Father Daniel Nash (1763-1837), the well-known Episcopal minister. Following the death of Abigail, Henry married Mary Ann Maples (1809-1870) of Hartwick.

Obituary

DIED — At Mount Vernon, in the vicinity of N. York, on the 30th [July], Mrs. MARIAH CLINTON, wife of his excellency Gov. Clinton.

COMMENT: Maria Franklin (1775-1818) was the first wife of Governor DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828), most famous for building the Erie Canal. They had 10 children. Following her death, he married, in 1819, Catharine Jones (1783-1855).

Cherokee Schools

We learn from a Raleigh (NC) paper, with high satisfaction, that schools have been established among the Cherokees, on the Lancastrian plan, which promise to do more towards civilizing the children of the forest, than all the means hitherto tried.

Boys are not only taught reading, writing and arithmetic, but the art of agriculture. They take turns alternately by classes in managing the plough, the hoe and the axe. The girls are taught the use of the needle, spinning, knitting and household work. — Albany Argus

COMMENT: Under the Lancastrian system of education, the older children are first taught the subject, and they then teach it to the younger ones. Its inventor, Joseph Lancaster (1778-1838), an English Quaker, said his motto was “He who teaches, learns.” It was also cheap—and thus often adopted for teaching the poor.

Rain in Vermont

BURLINGTON, (Vt.) July 24. The rain that fell on Monday has done much damage in Shelburne, and proved to be the destruction of Mr. Samuel Fletcher’s carding machine and clothing works which were entirely carried off, together with a part of the dam and about 150 bushels of wheat.

The saw mill, dam and grist mill belonging to Mr. Joshua Isham, and about 1000 bushels of wheat was also swept away. We understand that Mr. Isham’s loss is 5 or $6,000, and Mr. Fletcher’s about $2,000.

COMMENT: Apparently both recovered, since in 1835 it was said that: “At the falls Joshua ISHAM (1758-1840) still owned and operated the saw-mill and grist-mill, between these two buildings being the woolen-mill of Samuel FLETCHER” (maybe owned by the estate of Brig. Gen. Samuel Fletcher (1744-1814), a prominent Vermont veteran of the American Revolution).

Hats Again for Sale

The subscriber is happy in being able once more to inform his friends and the public that he has on hand, in the range of Brick Buildings, nearly opposite his former stand, a general assortment of hats...of his own manufacture, which are fashionable, and warranted good...all of which are offered for sale on reasonable terms.

R. WORTHINGTON, Cooperstown, August 20, 1818.

COMMENT: Ralph Worthington (1778-1828) came to Cooperstown as a hatter in 1802 and built the home that still stands at 18 Main Street. His previous shop had burned to the ground on April 26, 1818. He married Clarissa Clark (1784-1871). His granddaughter Alice, at age 10, became a friend of James Fenimore Cooper in the 1840s.