The Otsego Herald for Feb. 22, 1819, compiled, with comments:

In Lower Canada

INTERESTING TO THOUSANDS. Colony of Brotherly Union. It is in agitation to found a colony upon the ancient Spartan plan, sanctioned by apostolical usage, of living in common, enjoying a community of goods. In this establishment, as each will labor for all, and all for each, personal property will be unknown — and all lost of private gain, engendered by an imperfect organization of society, will be sacrificed at the shrine of public felicity.

To carry this project into execution, a fertile tract of land, consisting of some thousand acres, is on the point of being purchased and surveyed. Husbandmen (farmers) and artizans of every sort are invited to join this colonization. We tender the right hand of fellowship to the honest and industrious of every description of people, whatever be their religious or political faith.

Want of funds will not furnish a reason to exclude any colonist — and on the other hand, it will be a fundamental law of this establishment, that whatever property may be by adventurers put into the common stock, will be considered as a loan, and refunded to them or their assignees on demand.

The colony will be situated within the bounds of Lower Canada (Quebec), and under the protection and control of his majesty’s government.

All persons who are willing to embark in this enterprise, are requested to address themselves to the subscriber personally or by letter. They will specify the country, age, profession, number of children (if married), property, &c.

No letter will be received but from principals, nor unless post paid — every letter to bear on the superscription, the words “Colony of Brotherly Union.”

As soon as a sufficient number of applicants shall have enrolled their names, due notice will be given by public advertisement, to convene and digest a code of laws and regulations for the establishment.

S. CLEVELAND BLYTH. St. Constant, Lower Canada, Dec. 8, 1818. — from the Canadian Courant.

COMMENT: Stephen Cleveland Blyth (1771-1840), was born in Salem, Massachusetts, but later moved to Canada. About 1815 he converted from Episcopalianism to the Catholic faith, and published a 55 page pamphlet explaining why he did so ( This advertisement for his Utopian colony was widely reprinted in American and Canadian newspapers, but so far as I know nothing ever came of it.

Cooper family member dies

DIED — in this village, on Monday last, Mr. SAMUEL COOPER, aged 32. His funeral was numerously attended on Wednesday; and being a member of the Masonic Lodge, was buried with Masonic honors.

COMMENT: Samuel Cooper (1787-1819) was the 10th child of William Cooper, and the deaths of his brothers Isaac (in 1818) and William (also in 1819) left James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851) as the only surviving son of their father, William Cooper, and thus entangled in all the family’s financial problems.

Slave Drowns Himself

Zanesville, Jan. 27. A black man was lately purchased in Louisville, by one of those legalized robbers, called (or that ought to be called) men dealers, to be taken down to New-Orleans. The man had a wife and several children, from whom he was now to be torn without mercy, and rather than endure the horrors of separation from all he held dear on earth, he terminated his existence by drowning himself in the river.

COMMENT: Another enslaved African-American family being torn apart!

Humanity to man

At the siege of Yorktown, Col. Hamilton was ordered by the Marquis de la Fayette to take command of a detachment of troops, to take by storm a British redoubt, and to put to the sword his captives, in retaliation for the slaughter of New-London a short time before.

Col. Hamilton made an assault on the redoubt and took it, but he spared the lives of all who cried for quarter. When asked why he had not put all his captives to the sword, he replied, “The Americans know how to fight, but not how to Murder.”

Those who were not as brave and magnanimous as Hamilton, are incapable of appreciating the noble sentiments, of mercy and humanity that animated his breast. — Salem Gazette.

COMMENT: This was Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) in 1781, in the battle which basically ended the American Revolution. In September 1781, the traitor Benedict Arnold (now fighting for the British) led a raid on New London, Connecticut, and when its garrison surrendered, killed 80 of them.

On manure

In former days the puzzle was — what shall we do with our manure when spring comes? The shortest expedient was to ride it out on the ice, and thus rid ourselves of the nuisance, and leave it to its fate; robbing the poor of that plenty, which that manure would have produced.

In latter days, even up to the present times, we see the best of our manure, leached ashes and street scrapings, going off to Long Island, by vessel loads, throughout the season. The most sagacious farmers of Long Island laugh in their sleeve, as the saying is, that the farmers about Albany are so very liberal towards them, as to make it well worth their attention to employ vessels to sail upwards of 400 miles, here and back, to transport it, besides paying for it. ...

The farmers in the vicinity of Albany, instead of seizing on this precious mine at free cost, exhaust their soil by constant use — they sell the greatest part of their hay, the manure from which enriches the Long Island farmer, and no return goes back to the soil. ... Our farmers are on the alert, and begin to open their eyes. I feel persuaded that the powerful stimulus of self interest will correct the evil. — Albany Gazette.

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