The Otsego Herald for Jan. 18, 1819, compiled, with comments.

Addressed to Herald publishers

Messrs. Phinneys,

It will be remembered by the electors of this county, that last spring there were two tickets; and that the second was got up in opposition to the Caucus nomination. Now to unite the electors in some plan of nomination, it is an important consideration — and to do so, (which will, at the same time, strike the germ of caucusing) I propose that in every town, at open town meeting, one, two or three delegates shall be appointed to meet others at a certain time, and there to make out a nomination.

I am sensible this will only prevent the first caucusing, which has usually been adopted. Perhaps some other of your correspondents may perfect this plan so that the electors generally, may have something to say before they are called upon to deposit their ballots. — AN ELECTOR.

COMMENT: Voting rights under the 1817 New York Constitution gave the franchise to adult citizen males, but with property requirements (higher for voting for state senator than for assemblyman). Free blacks were treated the same as whites. In the 1821 Constitution, property requirements were removed for whites, but increased for blacks. Federal senators were chosen by state Assemblies.

$50,000 Lottery Prize

George Kenny ... bought a lottery ticket at Allen’s Lottery Office, which, on the next day, drew the Fifty Thousand Dollar prize in the Pennsylvania Lottery. — N.Y. Columbian.

COMMENT: $50,000, 200 years ago, would today be worth $993,854.33.

Queen Charlotte Dies

The Queen of England died on the 17th of Nov., in the 75th year of her age. She was married on the 7th of Sept. 1761, and has been the mother of twelve children, the last of whom was born on the 3d of Nov. 1777.

COMMENT: Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was the wife of British King George III (1738-1820).

They had 15 children, two of whom died in infancy, but including King George IV (1762-1830) and King William IV (1765-1837).

She was a patron of the arts and an amateur gardener, who did much to support London’s famous Kew Gardens. By 1818 King George III had more or less gone mad, and his oldest son, later George IV, was named as Prince Regent in 1811,

“Dreadful Occurrence”

Lynchburg (Virginia), December 18

On the 4th (December) about two o’clock in the morning, a runaway negro came to Mr. Meredith Lambeth’s of this county. He stated to the negro man whom he found in the kitchen, that he came from the Alabama territory, whence he had fought his way, and that he had killed several persons; seated himself and asked for a drink of water.

There being none, Mr. Lambeth’s negro said he would go to the spring, but instead of doing so, went to the house and called up his master, telling him there was a runaway in the kitchen. Mr. Lambeth went down to assist in taking him. As soon as the fellow saw him, he rose, pulled out a pistol, and fired it at Mr. Lambeth, who fell apparently dead. The ball entered the right eye, and has not yet been extracted.

Upon this the negro man seized him, and a dreadful conflict ensued. So determined was the runaway, that it is thought he would have made good his escape, if another of Mr. Lambeth’s men had not fortunately come in and offered assistance, and even then, if he had succeeded in his attempt to open a knife he had with him.

The two, however, at length overpowered him, and he was forced to surrender. The negroes would have taken his life but for the interference of Mr. Lambeth who by this time had recovered from the immediate effect of the shot. He was afterwards sent to Campbell Jail, where we learn he has since died of his wounds.

Mr. Lambeth is very low, and his recovery extremely doubtful. — Press.

COMMENT: Meredith Lambert, Jr. (1768-1836) did not, however die of this wound.

Born in King William, Virginia, in 1868, he married Elizabeth Price (1768-1843) in 1792 and they had eight children, born between 1795 and 1814.

He died on March 25, 1836 in Campbell, Virginia, and is buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery in Lynchburg.

Agricultural College

We have given a hasty perusal to a pamphlet, just issued from the press of Messrs. Websters & Skinners, entitled “Considerations on the necessity of establishing an Agricultural College, and having more of the children of wealthy citizens educated for the profession of Farmers.”

We consider this pamphlet as containing a great deal of good sense, peculiarly applicable to the present day; and while its perusal cannot but interest the legislator and the citizen, to the youth, for whose benefit it is particularly intended.

It will prove a treasure, if properly studied and applied. We have the writer’s permission to make some extracts for the Argus, which we shall embrace an early opportunity of improving. — Albany Argus

COMMENT: The first agricultural colleges only appeared in 1855, with the Michigan Agricultural College and the Farmers’ High School (later Pennsylvania State College).

The 42-page pamphlet by Simeon de Witt (1756-1834), is online at: https://bit.ly/2sK32gM.

Counterfeiting

Of late, the counterfeiting gentry have changed their employment. Instead of imitating bank notes, they are now altering them. This is more dangerous to the community than counterfeiting, and harder to be detected.

By a process, the ink is extracted from a one dollar bill, wherever the word or figures occurs, and a larger one printed in its place; this leaves it with the signature and all the appearance of a true bill.

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